Environmental Law LLM
The International Community increasingly faces the task of addressing a plethora of environmental challenges. The LLM Environmental law provides an insight into the international legal response to these various challenges which include global warming, ozone layer depletion, the over-exploitation by mankind of wildlife species and the destruction of vital habitat sites.
Many environmental problems require an international response. This course aims to provide the student with an insight into international environmental law with a focus on the general themes and principles in this area, the law relating to the protection of biodiversity, and that which endeavours to prevent or at least minimise the impact of transfrontier pollution.
The modules taught on this course cover a wide range of issues of contemporary relevance. The underlying purpose is to provide a solid grounding in the basic principles of European Community and international environmental law as applied in a particular context.
How has international environmental law evolved historically? Who are the main actors in the field? What key principles underpin regulation? What do we mean by the pursuit of “sustainable development”? How is the law in this area enforced? Treaty regimes explored include those relating to acid deposition, climate change, ozone layer depletion, nuclear contamination and freshwater pollution. In addition, an insight will be given to the various treaty regimes that seek to address the continuing pressures on the world’s biodiversity. For example, how is commercial whaling now regulated? What system is in place to regulate trade in endangered species? What of the protection of wetlands, Antarctica, world heritage and of migratory species?
Modern techniques of environmental regulation are also addressed, such as the funding mechanisms for international environmental treaties (e.g. Biodiversity Convention, Ozone Layer Convention) and the procedural requirement for environmental impact assessment of certain activities under international and European Community law.
Since its introduction in 1987, our LLM programme has continued to grow in popularity and prestige. Offering a wide and diverse range of over 50 options, the programme now attracts some 150 to 180 candidates each year, from more than 50 countries, confirming its status as one of the leading and most exciting LLM programmes available.
We also offer LLM pathways in the areas listed below, as well as a more general LLM (Master of Laws) qualification:
- LLM Criminal Justice
- LLM European Law
- LLM Human Rights Law
- LLM International Law
- LLM International Commercial Law
- LLM International Criminal Justice & Armed Conflict
- LLM International Law & Development
- LLM Maritime Law
- LLM Public International Law
- The School of Law is rated as ‘internationally outstanding’ (Grade 5A on a scale of 1-5) for its research and as ‘Excellent’ for its teaching quality.
- The School enjoys important professional relationships with international institutions; leading firms in the City of London and the provinces; private industry and consultancies; and non-governmental organisations.
- Students at the School of Law have exclusive access to the Slaughter and May Computer Room.
- Excellent Law Library has in excess of 60,000 volumes, immediate access to a very wide range of electronic materials and resources and dedicated Law Librarian.
You will take 120 credits’ worth of full and/or part-time subject options during the taught components of this course.
You will conclude the LLM Environmental Law by undertaking a 60-credit dissertation; this is an extensive piece of independent research in a subject of your choice. You will benefit from the support of a dedicated project supervisor, the School of Law’s Skills Programme, as well as the generic research skills training offered by the University’s Graduate School.
The LLM Environmental Law can be taken on a full-time basis over 1 year or part-time over 2 to 4 years.
In order to qualify for the LLM, you must take four full-year options (120 credits in total), or the equivalent number of full and half options in the taught element of the programme. Full options comprise eighteen two-hour seminars, held during the Autumn and Spring Terms. Half-options comprise nine two-hour seminars, held in either the Autumn or Spring Terms.
All seminars offer dedicated teaching, open only to postgraduate students, including postgraduate research students, where an option is relevant to a student’s doctoral research.
The precise availability of individual options differs from year to year, depending on the availability of staff to teach them, but in a typical session LLM students are able to choose from around a dozen full-year options (30 credits) and up to 50 half-year options (15 credits) over the programmes. In addition, LLM students may elect to take up to two half-year options in relevant modules offered by the School of Politics as part of its MA in International Relations.
To qualify for a particular specialist degree, candidates must choose at least three full options (or their equivalent in full and half options) from the list of qualifying options within the relevant specialisation. Students may choose any full module (or equivalent half modules) within the LLM programme as their fourth, “free” option.
In addition, the candidate must choose a dissertation topic within the relevant area of specialism. The dissertation is worth 60 credits and taken over the summer period towards the end of the course for submission in September.
Assessment for options is by essay, examination or a combination of both.
Currently, some of the subjects offered in relation to Environmental Law include:
- Biodiversity and International Law
- General Themes and Principles of International Environmental Law
- International Investment Law
- International Law of the Sea
- International Law of Transboundary Pollution
- International Law of Treaties
- Law Development and the International Community
- Maritime Law
- Principles of Public International Law
- Rights, Humans and Other Animals
Please note that all module details are subject to change.
Postgraduates in Law find themselves faced with a range of choices when it comes to selecting a career. Some will have a very clear idea from an early stage as to what employment path they wish to pursue, while others may take some years to find the role that is right for them. No matter what your initial choice may be, you will find that the abilities that you have developed during your time at the University of Nottingham will have equipped you well for the demanding and often highly changeable nature of the twenty-first century workplace.
Our postgraduate students move into an extraordinarily wide range of careers following their time in the School of Law.
Many graduates either go into the legal profession or return to their previous legal careers with their experience and prospects enhanced by their experiences on the course. A large number work with NGOs or return to their countries with the skills and experience that will help them add to the future development of that country.
Of course, some students decide to remain in academe and begin a PhD programme, often remaining at the University of Nottingham, and some use the skills they have acquired to teach.
Entry requirements:2.1(Upper 2nd class hons degree or international equivalent)
Including:Law/Humanities/ Social Sciences subjects
Other requirements:Mature applicants without standard entry requirements but with substantial and relevant experience may be considered
IELTS:7.0 (with no less than 7.0 in writing, 6.5 in reading and 6.0 in speaking and listening)
Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic:67 (no less than 67 in writing, 62 in reading, and 55 in listening and speaking)
This school offers programs in:
Last updated August 14, 2015