What did liberalization do for the energy sector? And did it change the relationship between the state and the energy industry? Should energy companies be concerned with climate change?

Today, the energy sector is changing as a result of market liberalization and climate change concerns. The EU presents a typical example of this scenario but similar developments can also be found in other parts of the world. This specialized program will present the main principles of energy market liberalization and how climate law affects the energy sector, with the EU often used as a case example.

Why study this program in Groningen?

The program is taught in the middle of the Energy Valley of the Netherlands, which gives ample opportunity for leading experts in Energy and Climate Law to both works in the sector and teach the Energy and Climate Law students.


Year 1

Students will have to participate in six compulsory courses and the compulsory seminar for this program. Like all masters, this program is also concluded by writing a Master's thesis, worth 18 ECTS.


  • Economics of Regulation (6 EC)
  • Energy Law and Policy (6 EC)
  • Seminar International Environmental Law (6 EC)
  • Climate Law (6 EC)
  • Energy Market Law (6 EC)
  • Energy Investment and Trade Law (6 EC)
  • Master's thesis (18 EC)
  • Energy Contracting (6 EC)

Study abroad

  • Study abroad is optional

Entry requirements

Admission requirements

Specific requirements More information
grade average On top of providing the Admissions Board with transcripts and diplomas, students should have an equivalent minimum GPA (Grade Point Average) of 7/10 (Dutch grading scale).
knowledge minimum Basic knowledge in the field of European law plus elementary knowledge of public international law
language test

Native speakers of English may request an exemption from providing proof of proficiency. Otherwise, you will need to provide proof of English language proficiency:

  • TOEFL: 100 (all sections need to be at least 21; the writing section needs to be at least 23)
  • IELTS: 7 (all sections need to be at least 6.0; the writing section needs to be at least 6.5)
  • Cambridge C2 Proficiency (CPE, Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English);
  • Cambridge C1 Advanced (CAE, Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English)
  • Applicants who are taking/have completed an English-taught bachelor program at a Dutch research university may be exempt from taking an English proficiency test.

The test scores cannot be older than two years.

previous education LLB or equivalent
reference letter Candidates must provide one letter of reference from an academic referee who has detailed knowledge of their academic records.
written request Applicants must send a motivation letter (max. 650 words). The letter should be written by the applicants themselves; it is not allowed to submit an (official) translation.
other admission requirements Curriculum vitae

Application deadlines

Type of student Deadline Start course
Dutch students 01 May 2020 01 September 2020
EU/EEA students 01 May 2020 01 September 2020
non-EU/EEA students 01 May 2020 01 September 2020

Tuition fees

Nationality Year Fee Program form
EU/EEA 2019-2020 € 2083 full-time
non-EU/EEA 2019-2020 € 14650 full-time
EU/EEA 2020-2021 € 2143 full-time

Job prospects

The program is designed to equip its graduates for a career as an in-house lawyer in an energy company, but it is also suitable for those who are interested in a career working as an energy expert for major law firms, governmental institutions or ministries, and inter- and non-governmental organizations.


Energy Law Research

The Energy and Climate Law program is taught in the middle of the "Energy Valley" of the Netherlands, which gives ample opportunity for students to learn from leading experts who both work in the energy law sector and teach in our program.

Program taught in:
  • English

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Last updated October 1, 2019
This course is Campus based
Start Date
Sep 1, 2020
1 year
2,143 EUR
per year, for EU/EEA students - € 14650 non-EU/EEA students
May 1, 2020
By locations
By date
Start Date
Sep 1, 2020
End Date
Sep 2021
Application deadline
May 1, 2020

Sep 1, 2020

Application deadline
May 1, 2020
End Date
Sep 2021