On the sociological monitoring in the law-making process (lecture)
Time of courses: Autumn / Spring
The lecture provides an overview of using of sociological monitoring in the law-making process. The substantial criteria of effectiveness of governance structure is its ability to match the long-term goals and values of society and state development, and to guarantee a quality of the legal groundwork set for the changes affecting the country. In order to create a quality legal field, special attention should be paid to the planning of draft law activity, taking into account the strategic goals of state policies for the long-term prospect. In a federal state, for example Russian Federation, strategically oriented legislative activity is impossible without the regular performance of comprehensive analysis of lawmaking activity and legislative enforcement, both on the federal level and in the constituent entities of the Federation. An efficient tool for achieving the tasks is the monitoring of legislation and the analysis of legal enforcement practices (legal monitoring). It forms an integral part of the system of lawmaking, allowing constructing the whole legislative process on a transparent, fundamental legal basis. Legal monitoring has great value in federal state, one where federal and regional legislations are applied simultaneously. Legal monitoring is presently required as a factor unifying the legislative and legal enforcement activities of bodies of power of Federation and its constituent entities, especially in the course of national project implementation. Over the past years, a passage has been made from a theoretical justification of the idea of legal monitoring in Russian Federation, to a practical unfurling of its system on the basis of vital legislative evaluation criteria: the adopted legislation's ability to implement state policy priorities; guaranteed observance of citizens' constitutional rights and freedoms; the legislation's quality and efficiency. The lecture is a sociological study of this problem.