Study Law in Macedonia

Law in Macedonia 2018

About Macedonia

The central Balkan peninsula located in southeast Europe is where you will find the Republic of Macedonia, a landlocked country that declared its independence from Yugoslavia over 20 years ago. . Bordered by Greece, Kosovo, Albania, Serbia and Bulgaria, Macedonia is currently a candidate for inclusion in the European Union and has applied for acceptance by NATO. A mountainous, water-rich country popular with international tourists, Macedonia is famous for beautiful rivers that flow into the Black Sea, the Aegean and the Adriatic basins. People from all over the world also visit Macedonia for its many spas (banja) and resort towns offering relief from various medical conditions.

Useful Facts about Macedonia

• The capital of Macedonia is Skopje, which is also its largest city and home to over 500,000 residents. • Macedonian is the official language, with Serbian, Roma, Turkish and Albanian spoken is various regions of the country. People who speak standard Bulgarian and Macedonian can usually understand each other since these languages share a similar history. • Macedonians represent 65 percent of the ethnic population, followed by 25 percent Albanians, 4 percent Turks, 3 percent Roma and 1 percent Serbs. • Orthodox Christianity is the predominant religion followed in Macedonia, with about 30 percent adhering to the Islam faith. • Since Macedonia has yet to be included in the European Union, the country's currency is called the Denar (MKD).

Legal System in Macedonia

Macedonia is a parliamentary republic presided over by a President, Prime Minister and Speaker of the Parliament. The legislative body is the Parliament (Sobranie) which creates, proposes and enacts all government laws.

The Supreme Court, the Constitution Court and the Republican Judicial Council exercise judicial power in Macedonia. Lower courts such as municipal and district courts are presided over by judges who obtain their positions by popular vote or by the amount of education and experience gained as lawyers practicing in specialized areas of the legal field.

Macedonian laws and legal rules of order follow the European Continental Law System that also includes over 25 basic courts, several appeals courts and a Skopje-based Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeal Shtip represents the highest court in each demarcated region.

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Legal Education in Macedonia

Recent reforms have brought the higher education system in Macedonia in line with international, European and western standards that allow for Bachelor and Master (Magister) of Law degrees to be earned by students attending four-year universities. However, students should be aware that most universities providing undergraduate and post graduate law programs provide instruction in Macedonian, Turkish or Albanian languages only. Doctorate law degrees (Doktor na nauki) are also available to students who complete a master's program and wish to work in law research or as professors. The University of Struga in southwest Macedonia offers a Master in Jurisdiction for lawyers who want to expand on their versatility as legal counsel in areas of arbitration, foreign investment law, international criminal law and diplomatic consular law. As with most master degrees, a Master of Jurisdiction takes one to two years to complete and permits students to pursue a Ph.D degree if they wish. Tuition Fees

Tuition fees for legal degree programs are comparable to most European universities and generally remain under 4000 euros ($5500 USD) for each academic year. Students in need may qualify for financial aid if the institution in which they enroll offers help with tuition.

Employment Opportunities for Lawyers in Macedonia

Hit hard by Eurozone crisis, Macedonia continues to have a high unemployment rate (28 percent) but is slowly showing improvement over the nearly 40 percent unemployment rate it experienced in 2009. Lawyers who seek positions in law firms or want to work independently should consider specializing in legal fields that encompass international business law, maritime law and administrative law to take advantage of thriving European and Middle Eastern business sectors.

Facts about Macedonia

Capital: Skopje
Official Languages: Macedonian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Population: 2,058,539
Gross Domestic Product: $22.147 billion
Currency: Macedonian denar (MKD)
Time zone: (UTC+1)

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