Touro’s LL.M. program for foreign law graduates is the third oldest such program in the New York City metropolitan area, after those of Columbia and New York University. It is a 27-credit program designed to provide grounding in the United States jurisprudence, law, and procedure. The program is intended to serve the needs of two distinct groups:
- foreign-qualified lawyers living in the U.S. who hope to resume here the legal careers they began abroad.
- attorneys coming from abroad who seek familiarity with U.S. law and legal institutions, so they may use that knowledge in their foreign legal careers.
The program, which emphasizes the development of analytical skills, was the first in the country to offer a research and writing course designed exclusively for foreign lawyers as well as a course devoted specifically to the U.S. legal system. Distinctive features of the program include:
- Optional survey courses on basic U.S. legal subjects: Constitutional Law, Property, Contracts, Civil Procedure and Torts. In these courses, attention is devoted to major cases, but most readings are commentaries on the law. Instead of the traditional J.D. format, in which students read cases and discuss them in class, the survey courses are taught in lecture format. These subjects are tested on the New York bar exam. Survey courses can be valuable for students who want a quick familiarity with a particular area of U.S. law.
- The opportunity to “audit” one course per semester. Auditing allows a student to attend a course at no cost and to even take the final exam, but the course does not count toward the credits needed for graduation. Auditing one course per semester over three semesters can increase learning opportunities by about 30%, at no additional cost.
- Students who excel in the LL.M. program may be considered for transfer to the J.D. program.
- Tuition is charged on a per-credit basis.
Two of three required courses, Introduction to the U.S. Legal System (3 credits) and the LL.M. Tutorial (2 credits), are offered on 14 Sundays. Two two-credit survey courses are generally offered on Tuesday or Thursday evenings. Each credit is equivalent to one hour of class per week in a 14-week semester. Students are expected to study up to three hours for each hour of class.
The minimum number of credits per semester for part-time students is seven. This means that part-time students can begin their studies with the two required courses on Sundays plus one of the survey courses on a Tuesday or Thursday evening. The part-time program may extend through four semesters. Students attending full time can complete the program in as few as two semesters. International students (those on F-1 student visas) are required to take a full-time course load. Students who are permanent residents or U.S. citizens are eligible for Federal loans.
This program is for students who hold a professional law degree from an educational institution outside of the United States. The educational institution must be accredited and the degree must satisfy the academic requirements for entry into the legal profession in the country where the institution is situated.
Students admitted to the Master of Laws (LL.M.) in U.S. Legal Studies for foreign law graduates program may begin law school in either the spring or the fall semester. Tuition is charged by the semester-hour.
Students must successfully complete the requirements for and be awarded an LL.M. degree within 24 months of matriculation. 24 out of the 27 credits required for the LL.M. degree must be physically completed at the campus of Touro Law Center in the United States.
Requirements for application include:
Authenticated law school transcripts
All applicants are required to have their law school transcripts evaluated and authenticated by one of the following two services:
Law School Admission Council LL.M. Credential Assembly Service
662 Penn St. Box 8511
Newtown, PA 18940-8511
World Education Services (WES)
Bowling Green Station
PO Box 5087
New York, NY 10274-5087
64 Beaver St, #146
New York, NY 10004
English Proficiency – Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
U.S. law study is language-intensive, requiring mastery of lengthy readings that use legal and lay English in both modern and archaic forms. All applicants for whom English is not their first language must submit official results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). A score approaching 240 (computer-based scale) or 95 (internet-based scale) is desirable. Touro Law’s institution code is 2902.
Educational Testing Service
P.O. Box 6151
Princeton, NJ 08541-6151
Qualifications for Admission to the Bar
In addition to a bar examination, there are a character, fitness, and other qualifications for admission to the bar in every U.S. jurisdiction. Applicants are encouraged to determine the requirements for any jurisdiction in which they intend to seek admission by contacting the jurisdiction. Addresses for all relevant agencies are available through the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
New York State Board of Law Examiners Certification
Prior to beginning the program, all applicants interested in sitting for the bar exam are encouraged to obtain certification of their eligibility from the New York State Board of Law Examiners. Completion of an LL.M. program does not guarantee access to the bar exam. Eligibility is governed in part by the nature of the prior legal study. For more information, contact:
The New York State Board of Law Examiners
Corporate Plaza, Building 3
254 Washington Avenue Extension
Albany, NY 12203-5195
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