Steeped in Viking history and home to the most beautiful fjords in the world, the Kingdom of Norway continues to rank high on lists of the most prosperous and happiest countries in the world. Norway is a constitutional monarchy bordered land-wise by Sweden, Finland, Russia and Denmark. It also shares maritime borders with Greenland, Iceland, Russia, the United Kingdom and Sweden via the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea. Norway is fourth in the world regarding per capita income and recently held top ranking on the Human Development Index. Additionally, Norway has been designated by the Democracy Index to be the most democratic country globally. Useful Facts About Norway • Established in 1000 AD, Oslo is the capital of Norway and the economic/government capital as well. • Norway is rich in natural gas, petroleum, seafood, minerals and fresh water reserves, all contributing factors to its ability to offer subsidized higher education, universal health care, an excellent social security system and consistently low unemployment rates. • Although Norway is not a member of the European Union, it maintains close ties with the EU. Norway is also a founding member of NATO, the WTO, the Council of Europe and the EEA (European Economic Area). • Norway has two official languages: Bokmal Norwegian and Nynorsk Norwegian. Bokmal is spoken by the majority of Norwegians while Nynorsk is spoken by Finnish and Sami-speaking minorities. • The Norwegian Krone (plural Kroner) is the country's currency unit. Six Kroner equals $1 USD and one euro equals eight Kroner. What is the Law system in the Country? Norway's court system is similar to the U.S. court system. District courts have the least power, followed by the Appeals Court and t he Supreme Court. Judges presiding over appeal and district courts can be one of three types of judges: professional judges, lay judges or co-judges. Professional judges are qualified lawyers who have gained legal experience through years of defending or prosecuting individuals in Norway courts. Lay and co-judges are non-lawyers who have been appointed to a position as judge in a district or appeals court.
Study Law in Norway
Law Degrees in Norway A five-year, Faculty of Law program leading to a master i rettsvitenskap (Master of Jurisprudence) is the most important degree lawyers can earn in Norway. Similar to a Master of Laws, the master i rettsvitenskap recently replaced the old Candidate of Law degree originally created in 1736. The LLM is the only degree needed to qualify students to work as lawyers in Norway. However, graduates of an LLM program are not relegated to lawyer positions. They can also accept high-ranking employment in the Norwegian Police Service, serve as a barrister judge or accept various positions in the civil servant sector. The legal profession in Norway is a "united" one because all people employed in legal occupations have received the same type of education. During their fifth year of the LLM program, students must complete a thesis and enroll in advanced, elective courses. In addition, anyone studying for the Faculty of Law degree also have the opportunity to earn a master's degree in criminology or the sociology of law. Ph.D., doctoral and licentiate degree are also available for students who wish to engage in legal research or teach at a Norwegian university. Norwegian Universities Offering Faculty of Law Degrees The University of Oslo offers Det juridiske fakultet programs as well as the University of Tromso and the University of Bergen. The University of Tromso participates in the European Credit Transfer System that allows students to transfer any credits they earn at UT to home-based universities. Tuition Fees International and Norwegian students pay no tuition fees. The Norwegian government considers higher education to be a vital to the continuing success of Norway and publicly fund 98 percent of all higher learning institutions. Only privately run colleges charge tuition fees in Norway. However, a charge of 400 to 600 NOK per semester is required before students can take final exams. This fee also grants them membership in student unions that provide benefits such as health services, use of sports facilities, counseling and housing assistance.