Bordering Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary in the southern part of Central Europe is the nation-state of the Republic of Slovenia. With a population of over two million, Slovenia is a developing, secularized country with an export-oriented, open economy sustained primarily by construction, industrial manufacturing and services. A parliamentary republic and member of NATO and the European Union, Slovenia is famous for being home to four large geographic entities that intersect within its territory: the Mediterranean, the Alps, the Pannonian Plain and the Dinaric Alps. Additionally, Slovenia is one of the most water-rich countries in Europe, boasting a dense network of rivers, an aquifer system and significant underground watercourses supported by Karst topography.
Useful Facts about Slovenia
• Ljubljana is the largest city as well as the capital of Slovenia. • The official language is Slovene, with Hungarian and Italian considered as regional languages. • Slovenia replaced their old currency, the tolar, with the Euro in 2007. • Nearly 60 percent of Slovenia is forested, making it the third most forested European country. • Slovenia's education system ranks #12 globally and #4 in the EU. • In 1991, Slovenia gained its independency from Yugoslavia
The Judicial System in Slovenia
Founded on tenets specifying the separation of the judicial, legislative and executive branches of power, Slovenia's parliamentary democratic government operates under a multi-party system. The president is considered the head of state and is elected by the majority of votes. The "Vlada Republike Slovenije" (Government of Slovenia) holds administrative and executive authority and is led by a Prime Minister and cabinet members elected by a National Assembly.
Slovenia's Constitutional Court interprets conformity to laws and regulations written in the country's Constitution. Judges and specialized courts execute regional judicial powers in Slovenia, with state prosecutors accountable for prosecuting individuals accused of committing various criminal offenses. Because Slovenia is a member of the European Union, many of its laws and legal practices closely resemble those of other EU countries.