A member of NATO, the United Nations and the Council of Europe, Turkey is a constitutional democratic republic that has recently been experiencing the benefits of a growing economy and strong initiatives in diplomatic reform. Now considered a notable regional power in Europe, Turkey's traditional secularism and consistent emphasis on progressively developing as a peaceful country neighboring less stabilized areas of Europe has made it a popular destination for students seeking a degree in law.
Turkey's President is considered the Head of State and is elected by parliament every seven years. However, it is the Council of Ministers and the Prime Minister who exercise executive power. Alternately, legislative power is given to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, a unicameral parliament playing a vital role in Turkey's government.
Turkey's Legal System
Completely integrated with the legal system followed by continental Europe, Turkey's law system is a combination of the German Commercial Code, the Swiss Civil Code and the Code of Obligations. In addition, Turkey's administrative law is comparable to that of France while its penal code resembles Italy's criminal law codes. However, one major difference between Turkey and other countries regards the development of jury trials. In Turkey, trial outcomes are not decided by juries but are decided by one, two or three judges presiding over the trial.